When practicing in the medical field, one will stumble upon a variety of hazards. It is very crucial that we become aware of all the different scenarios we will come across that are hazardous and the many divergent ways we can avert them. The four main types of medical hazards are: chemical, physical, biological, and psychological. When dealing with a hazardous situation we should be attentive to draw a closer approach managing high stake situations in a real-world event. When dealing with a high-stake situation one must anticipate, recognize, evaluate, and control all healthcare hazards. It is very crucial to comprehend the dissimilarity between a risk and hazard. A hazard is something that can cause harm whereas a risk is the chance, high or low, that any hazard will cause one harm. In order to avoid hazardous plastic surgery centers, you can contact SurgeonGate .
In the readings, it mentions an enormous figure of potential health hazards that are typically found in health care facilities. An occupational hazard incorporates biological hazard, exposure to radiation, ergonomic strain, psychological strain, heat, noise, and toxic chemicals. The book mentions four crucial categories of healthcare hazards. Such as, chemical, physical or ergonomic, biological, and psychological.
It is very crucial that we understand the importance of the toxicity of a chemical, as well as the divergent pathways of exposure and the behavior and health status of the worker to be able to know the degree of a risk. Chemical hazard can be classified as either acute or chronic depending on the scenario. In the book, chemical hazard are asbesos, cryogenic agents, and disinfectants (such as alcohol, formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, ortho-phthaladehyde, halide compounds, phenolic compounds, quaternary ammonium compounds, ethylene oxide, etc.).
In the medical field, to treat an infectious disease or chronic condition there are different types of drugs administered. Therefore, it is very crucial for a healthcare worker to be familiar with the negative outcomes. The book mentioned, exposure to low concentrations of certain drugs can be highly dangerous to those who come in contact with it; not only the patient but the healthcare worker itself.
Lasik Eye Surgery Hazards
All health care individual should be alerted with the biological hazards that come when working in a medical setting. Some examples of biological hazards during Lasik eye surgery are antibiotic resistant strains, blood-borne diseases, and even influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella that present biological health hazards. The book mentions Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) which are two main problem bacteria’s that are extremely hard to treat in the medical field.
That being the case, it is very crucial that healthcare workers are taking the proper care of maintaining their health such as practicing hand hygiene and so on. When working in a medical setting, one should be alerted of blood-borne diseases. The three most common diseases are HIV, HBV, and HCV. For that reason, it is important that individuals choose to vaccinate. Those who do not vaccinate put people like me, cancer patients and those recovering from treatment at risk.
The healthcare industry has many factors such as physical and ergonomic. The most common disorders that healthcare workers face are chronic lower back pain and carpal tunnel syndrome. Some examples of physical occupation hazards include: radiation, heat and cold stress, noise hazards, and vibration hazards. Throughout my readings, one particular occupational hazard that drew my attention was vibration hazards. Reason being, not many individuals are aware of the amount of risk driven by time of exposure of vibration. Workers suffer from a tingling sensation in their hands and fingers after using a piece of an equipment which can be a sign of risk. That being the case, I researched my studies how vibration hazards is an occupational hazard to healthcare workers.
In the article, “Vibration Hazards in the Workplace: The Basics of Risk Assessment” discusses how many technicians, consultants, engineers and machine workers health is damaged by the mechanical vibrations. With some basic guidelines and the right medical knowledge it can minimize the chances of an individual amputating their hands or fingers due to the excessive vibration exposure. The article goes on to explain the decrease blood flow in the extremities. Thus, the body is less effective at transferring oxygen and other vital nutrients transferred to the cells and tissues that need them most (Vibration Hazards in the Workplace: The Basics of Risk Assessment, 2015).
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In the article, “Hand-arm Vibration Syndrome” states that about 2 million U.S workers are exposed to hand arm vibration and as many as half will develop HAVS. The disorder is unrecognized and is sometimes confused with carpal tunnel syndrome. Some of the best plastic surgeons in Michigan have found that 89 percent reported “vibration-induced white finger.” The symptoms that associate with vibration hazards range from tingling, numbness, pain, and balancing color in the fingers, as well as weakened grip. Once the symptom occurs the condition is irreversible, and the syndrome can take six months to six years to develop. To eliminate the chances of developing HAVS employees should purchases tools with lower handle vibration and minimize the hours working per day (Hand arm vibration syndrome, 2015).
In the article “Hand arm Vibration Syndrome Can Be Debilitating, states that hand arm vibration is a real thing and many people are not aware of the syndrome. Not only is the risk higher for construction workers operating on heavy machinery, but such as tools like hand saws, power drills, long hours weeding, and lawnmowers can develop HAVS. HAVS can decrease the loss of grip strength and increase the chances of arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, tendonitis, and experience chronic pain. HAVS is preventable and some great tips to prevent the syndrome is to use low vibration tools, take regular 10-15-minute break, keep your body temperature warm (especially your hands), hold your tools loosely as possible, and so on (Hand arm Vibration Syndrome Can Be Debilitating, 2018).
Healthcare organizations ought to make it mandatory to reduce the occurrence of health care associated infections. Throughout my readings, it goes into factor explaining how hospitals have execute many prevention strategies for conventional infections such as: ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI).
In a sanatorium, it is very common for a patient to be admitted for a surgical site infection., C. difficile, or for a urinary tract infection (UTI). In the United States, Healthcare associated infections are supervised and reported through the Center for Diseases Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN).
surgical site infections and postoperative complications
In the book, it goes into aspect explaining the risk associated with surgical site infections known as postoperative complications. Surgical site infections happen in about 2% of all surgical procedures and makeup roughly fifth of healthcare associated infections. In result, it causes a significant increase in mortality, readmission rates, as well as cost. On average, about 1 in 30 “sanitary” surgeries will be damaged by a surgical site infection.
In the article, “Changes to Prevent Surgical Site Infection” it states that roughly 40-60 percent of surgical site infections are avoidable with the proper use of prophylactic antibiotic. Carelessly overuse, underuse, improper training, and misuse of antibiotic happen in 20 to 25 percent of operations. One of the most common surgical site infection is shaving. Therefore, patients and health care workers should avoid the use of razors at the operative cite. Healthcare workers should only remove hair from an individual going into surgery when needed.
If shaving is necessary health care workers should remove body hair using clippers rather than the use of razors. Secondly, healthcare workers should make sure that all individuals preparing for surgery surgery; shower with antiseptic soap, cover their hair, wear a mask, keep doors closed, use sterile instruments, apply sterile dressing 24-48 hours, stop the use of tobacco prior to surgery, exclude patients with prior infections, maintain short natural nails, exclude infected surgeons, handle tissue gently, and wear sterile gloves. All of these examples help prevent on site surgical infections (Changes to Prevent Surgical Site Infection, 2018).
In the book, Clostridium difficile colitis (C. difficile) is a bacterium that infects the colon. Over the last few years, the frequency and sharpness of C. difficile have amplified. In 2014, studies have shown the incidence of C. difficile in hospitalized patients that have duplicated from 2001 to 2014 and within the same time period the mortality rate escalated from 6.6% to 7.2%.
Antibiotics after surgery
In the article, “What is Clostridium Difficile” it states that antibiotics are medicines prescribed by your doctor to treat bacterial infections. However, for some people it can cause a life-threatening infection caused by a type of bacteria known as C. Diff. C. Diff is present in water, soil, air, and in feces of people and animals. Therefore, individuals working in a sanitarium facility have a high risk coming in contact with C. Diff. In addition, it is very crucial that one knows the risk to prevent themselves from this bacterium. C. diffiicle can be transmitted from person to person by touching a contaminated surface (blanket or doorknob).
The most common symptom associated with C. Diff infection is diarrhea that occurs more than 10 times a day. One can have diarrhea and abdominal cramping even with a mild infection. If one experiences C. Diff your diarrhea will have a very strong, stinky odor. In more serious infections, bloody stool. Other symptoms associated with C. Diff may include, fever, severe cramping, nausea, loss of appetite, dehydration, weight loss, rapid heartbeat, and so on.
Seniors in healthcare facilities are at a higher risk of getting C. Diff. Therefore, it is very crucial that they understand how to protect themselves when they come into contact with patients who have C. Diff. It is very important for healthcare workers to protect themselves by wearing a mask, gown, and gloves. However, it is very possible for a worker to come in contact with C. Diff because one did not take pre-cautions. So, it is, very important to teach our patients and healthcare workers the pr4ecautions of C. Diff. By doing so, patients can advise their healthcare provider to wash their hands before and after using the bathroom and before eating and request sanitized equipment. (What is Clostridium Difficile, n.d).
In the book, it states that urinary tract system is the most common healthcare associated infections. In the United States, it accounts for roughly 40% of healthcare associated infections. The major risk associated with UTI consist of indwelling urinary catheters, and the time of catherization. However, we can prevent healthcare associated UTI in patients with indwelling catheters, by keeping up with unopened drainage system, supplying appropriate catheter care, and taking the catheter out as soon as possible. It surprised me that doctors were not aware that their patients had a Foley catheter.
Your Guide to Urinary Tract Infections
In the article, “Your Guide to Urinary Tract Infections” it states how women have greater chances of getting a UTI. According to the article, roughly 1 in 5 women will experience a second UTI. An individual who comes across a UTI will experience symptoms such as frequent or intense urge to urinate, burning sensation when urinating, pain or pressure in back or lower abdomen, fevers, chills, dark, blood, or unusual smelling urine, or etc. It is very crucial for an individual to finish their antibiotics when experiencing a urinary tract infection, even when feeling better. Also, keeping your body hydrated with fluids such as water will help flush out the bacteria in your system.
Astonishingly, studies have proven that cranberries is an excellent juice that helps prevent or treat urinary tract infections. Many ways of preventing a urinary tract infection is t wipe from front to back, staying hydrated, taking showers rather than baths, emptying bladder regularly, stay away from feminine hygiene sprays, bath bombs, and scented douches which can cause an increase in irritation and so on ( Your Guide to Urinary Tract Infections, n.d.).